Organic Recipes, Supportive Government, and New Products to Spur Growth in Organic Pesticides Industry
Farmers have been opting for organic farming techniques after understanding the effects of usage of harmful chemicals on the environment and the public health. The implementation of organic pesticides in farming practices is one of the moves adopted by them. Farmers as well as students have taken interest in contributing toward the environment and have developed organic pesticides for their farming and obtained marvelous results in terms of yield and cost incurred. Consumers are also becoming aware of organic products and began preferring them over others. Moreover, there are ongoing research activities across the world to develop organic pesticide products and commercializing them to enable farmers to use them. The regulatory bodies have been offering grants and governments have been offering funding to companies that showed the potential in their organic products.Some of the governments across the world have realized the importance of promoting organic farming and prioritized the health of people.
The organic pesticide industry will grow significant over the next years as advancements in organic product development technologies and shift toward organic farming. According to the research report published by Allied Market Research, the global organic pesticides market would reach $279.2billion by 2023, growing at a CAGR of 14.9% from 2017 to 2023. Following are the trends elaborated with recent activities across the world that would give a boost the organic pesticides industry:
Organic Recipe For Pesticides:
Two years ago, a tea farmer in West Tripura decided to go organic after 22 years. Mr. Gopal Chakraborty decided to weed out chemical intervention during the production process. This has led to development of unique pesticide. The process to convert the farming to organic started with replacement of urea, potash, and others with the homemade compost. Mr. Chakraborty realized that pesticides contain more chemicals than fertilizers and he strived to make the difference in cooperation with Rajasthani famers who visited his farm at that time. They suggested the usage of a salve of leaves such aspapaya, neem, and the bitter ‘Vaait’ plant that have been traditionally used as an anti-worm herb. This preparation is used in a proportion of 1:10 with water, while gau-mutra (cow urine) is utilized in proportion of 1:10 with the mixture. He reported that the organic pesticide was a miraculous alternative. Moreover, the salve helped in countering the ‘red spider’ disease developed on the plants due to heat wave.
Many tea growers in Tripura have shifted to organic tea farming. Mr.Chakraborty and Kalyan Debbarma of Mohanpur in West Tripura have gained organic Scope certificates by fulfilling the National Programme for Organic Production Standards. Both of them are optimistic about the organic farming venture will be profitable in the long-run. Other small farmers are following their lead and gradually, the adoption of organic pesticides would skyrocket.
Students have gained interest in farming and investing a lot of their time in researching on development of organic pesticides. Gautami Kharade, 21, is a student pursuing an M. Sc. in environmental science from Savitribai PhulePune University (SPPU). She developed a recipe for organic pesticides, which consisted of neem leaves, dhatura leaves, cow urine, and others. Then she applied these pesticides while working at wheat farms for three months. The costs of pesticides were compared with other five farmers using the chemical pesticides. The cost of organic pesticides was one-sixth of chemical pesticides. She outlined that farmers do not trust the organic products easily, and the lack of trust is restraining their adoption. “I feel that if we increase the awareness and make organic products easily and cheaply accessible, we stand a chance to witness wonders,” told Ms. Kharade to India Times. The recipe of organic pesticides would prove to be the boon for farmers if they take risks and adopt them for their own benefit in the future.
Support from Governments toDevelop Organic Pesticides:
Governments have been investing in few projects that offer natural pesticides. Cluster Biotechnology developed an organic preservative to be used as an organic pesticide against fruit flies. Innovation Minister in the Palaszczuk Government Kate Jones announced that the firm would get more than $90,000 in Ignite Ideas funding. This funding is a part of more than $8.3 million funding announced to Queensland companies in August 2018.Ms. Jones said, “Cluster Biotechnology has developed a product that has international appeal. That’s why we’ve invested to help them scale-up their operation, potentially export overseas and ultimately create more jobs in Queensland.”
She added that the government is pleased to support these companies as they showed that they have innovative products, talent, and right mindset for scaling up their businesses and expand into new markets.
Dr. Gustavo Maia De Cerqueira,the Chief Executive Officer of Cluster Biotechnology,said that the company developed Apical Foodiefrom an Australian microorganism to extend the shelf life of fruits.Hesaid, “Farmers in Kingaroy noticed significantly less fruit fly larvae in organic peaches grown with Apical Foodie, when applied as a pre-harvest product, which gave us the idea to investigate its use also as a natural pesticide.”
The funding will enable the firm to conduct laboratory and field trials on the impact of Apical Foodie on reproduction and survival of adult flies. This trial will create more jobs in next three years.
MEP Eric Andrieu, the president of the PEST committee in the European Parliament, outlined that we should focus more on health instead of economy when it comes to pesticides. The European Commission has taken has taken a diplomatic approach on this matter and stated that it prioritizes the public health and considered environment implications of the pesticidesmade from copper. Andrieu has questioned the call of the European Commission calling to renew the authorization of copper though there are proven dangers to the public health and environment. Copper compounds such as copper sulphate have been authorized by the EU to apply as bactericides and fungicides. Moreover, they gained approval for usage in organic farming for potato, tomato, grape, and apple.
“European public policies must favor the diversification of production and encourage agronomic practices limiting chemical inputs. More generally, the new CAP will have to accompany farmers in this transition towards a sustainable development model that is economically viable,” said Andrieu. He added that the wine sector and organic farming adopters have already investing substitute products. The policies should help farmers in facilitating the transition and accelerating the research. There needs to be increased budget and better resources made available for them. Andrieu highlighted the importance of organic compounds and support needed from government and other regulatory bodies.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) offered a grant to the Riverside-based biotech company for development of eight eco-friendly innovations to control the insect pesticides and enhance yields of crops. ISCA Technologies has been offered six “Phase 1” grants from the Small Business Innovation Research Programof the department. The company received a grant to develop and test five pest control products and another one product to improve the pollination rates of fruit blossom. ISCA also gained two “Phase 2” grants for making the commercial products that have already showed the results in field trials. These grants would enable ISCA to develop technologies that are effective, economical, and ground-breaking. These grants would play a significant part as ISCA is instrumental in revolutionizing pest control through methods that will not be harmful for other creatures and reduce or even entirely replace pesticide applications.
New Products Hitting the Market:
New products have been launched by market players active in the market to gain new customer base and grow international presence. Marrone Bio Innovations, Inc., has announced its new offering Ennoble after availing an approval by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Marrone, being a leading provider of bio-based pest management and plant health products, outlined that the product showed powerful results in trials conducted by strawberries, lettuce, and celery. It has shown a high efficiency in controlling soil-borne diseases and rising yields for aforementioned crops.
MBI carried out research to evaluate the soil microbiome by treating it with Ennoble. Then the company analyzed soil. The analysis indicated minimal to no effect on the microbial communities and diversity of microbials present in the soil. The product can become a part of an integrated pest management program and offersprevention from soil-borne diseases and nematodes.
“Based upon previous trials, we know the use of Ennoble will increase yields at levels comparable to methyl bromide and the other commonly used fumigants in California. While effective against many soil-borne pests and diseases, Ennoble does not kill weeds, so they will need to be addressed with additional tools or tactics,”said Pam Marrone, founder and CEO of MBI. There will be new products coming next few years as the ongoing research and development activities are in full swing.