SEA conducts Castor crop survey for crop estimation in major growing states like Gujarat

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SEA conducts Castor crop survey for crop estimation in major growing states like Gujarat According to the castor crop survey conducted by the Solvent Extractors Association (SEA), the total production in India in 2018-19 is estimated to be down by 20% to 11.26 lakh tonnes in 2018- 19 from 14.16 lakh tonnes, estimated in 2017-18. 

The area and yield have declined mainly due to inadequate monsoons. The survey noted: "Total area under castor in India for the year 2018-19 is estimated to be 769570 hectares as per the government’s estimates against 2017-18 estimate of 821600 hectares, which has decreased by 7% compared to the previous year. • Acreage has been reported to have declined in Gujarat, the largest growing state, but it is expected to be almost flat in Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh/Telangana. • Average yield for year 2018-19 is estimated slightly down, -12.6%, to 1520 Kg/Ha compared to 1740 Kg/Ha, based on farmer’s response about their yield expectation on present crop conditions." SEA conducts Castor crop survey for crop estimation in major growing states like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana every year. This year, SEA commissioned Indian Agribusiness Systems Ltd, known as “Agriwatch” in the industry, to conduct a crop estimation study in above states through field surveys and remote sense data analysis. 

Total area under castor in Gujarat for the year 2018-19 is taken to be 533800 hectares as per the government’s estimates, against last year’s estimate of 591000 hectares, which has declined by about 10% as compared to the previous year. Agriwatch field survey suggests area under castor to be less by 6% this year as compared to last year’s government estimate and is estimated at 554160 hectares. Using remote sensing technique, the castor acreage for the state is estimated at 549000 hectares, for 2018-19. The major reasons for lower acreage this year is less rainfall in key growing belt. "Estimated average yield for year 2018-19 is expected to be 1751 Kg/ha against last year’s estimate of 2029Kg/ha, a fall by 13.7%. Overall, the farmers are expecting decline in yield this year due to weak monsoon, less growth of plants and less availability of water for irrigation. Total seed production in the state with decrease in area (-10%) and less yield (-13.7%), is estimated down to 9.35 lakh tons in 2018- 19 from last year’s estimate of 12.00 lakh tons. The seed arrivals have started in mandis as farmers are selling in small lots to get the higher prevailing prices," observed the survey.

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By BOA Bureau